It would appear that gender differences in number of cognitive abilities are at least partially influenced by social and cultural influences such as gender equality and the status of women . This pattern of results was consistent with the gender similarities hypothesis. Table 5 presents summary statistics for reading achievement.
In particular, relationships between the Gender Gap Index instrument were often weak, and in the case of science literacy high achievers in a direction contrary to hypotheses. Additionally, boys were slightly overrepresented in attaining the highest level of science proficiency, but not to the same degree as for mathematics.
A sex difference in mental rotation in young infants. To find out, study author Moshe Hoffman, a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California, San Diego's Rady School of Management, travelled to Northern India to visit two very traditional tribes.
Pearson correlations between gender role, sex hormones, and spatial abilities for men and women. Jones, S. Boston: Human Engineering Laboratory, Correlations between relatives arising from sex-linked genes: Reply.
Spatial abilities following prenatal androgen abnormality: Targeting and mental rotations performance in individuals with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Nat Neurosci. A key limitation of research in this area is that it is largely US-centric, and does not speak to gender differences between males and females raised under different social and educational environments in other cultures.
For example, Luders et al. New York: Cambridge University Press.
A meta-analysis of functional imaging studies. Let us assume that we examine the performance in a particular cognitive task in men and women, whereby we obtain different performance measures for all subjects which will distribute normally and separately for men and women. Psychological Reports.
Neurosci Biobehav Rev. Additionally, the size of the gender differences was almost twice that of the OECD average. One-year age changes in MRI brain volumes in older adults.