Ecology, sexual selection, and the evolution of mating systems. Since then, a great diversity of sex-determining responses to temperature has been reported. Aromatase helps to convert sex steroids, a group of hormones that influence sex development and reproduction, from male sex hormones androgens to female sex hormones estrogens.
Charnov, E. Movement is also costly, as it increases energy usage and exposure risks, and ecologists have extensive history of testing for optimization of behavior in the context of this trade-off 123.
WrightK. Wibbels T, Bull J, Crews D Synergism between temperature and estradiol: a common pathway in turtle sex determination? Rights and permissions Reprints and Permissions. Other species show disproportionately high female production at both high and low temperatures, with intermediate temperatures causing mostly male development.
Sex Chromosomes and Sex-Linked Genes.
Rhen T, Schroeder A Molecular mechanisms of sex determination in reptiles. Flament S Sex reversal in amphibians. NEC America Inc. Warner DA, Radder RS, Shine R Corticosterone exposure during embryonic development affects offspring growth and sex ratios in opposing directions in two lizard species with environmental sex determination.
Wiley, New York, pp — Google Scholar. Zaborski P Temperature and estrogen dependent changes of sex phenotype and HY antigen expression in gonads of a newt.
Unlike most vipers, female rattlesnakes Crotalus atrox continue to hunt and feed throughout pregnancy. As in most taxa, female snakes have historically been characterized as passive players in mate location, and often display no seasonal differences in movement behavior 25 , For the Directionality and MMF response variables, beta regression models were employed, but the models using the logit link with random effects for ID provided a superior fit.
Phenological studies of C. Like most pitvipers Crotalinae , C.