A view has been expressed by a section that only those below 15 years should be described as juvenile. Most research in the area puts sexual desire low on the list of reasons people assault children. A substantial percentage of surgically castrated offenders retain some sexual functioning, according to the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers, a nonprofit international group of researchers and clinicians.
Some victims' rights groups and law enforcement officials also argue that offenders could nullify the surgery later by boosting their testosterone levels through gels and patches.
The argument for quarantining paedophiles and other sex offenders Image: The Fresno Bee Another argument around punishment for paedophiles is quarantining, much like Coalinga State Hospital in California. Here is a guide to the procedure, which is used in a handful of states and in some places outside of the country.
The offender must be advised of the treatment ' s side effects and must consent to the treatment in writing. In other countries around the world, chemical castration can be offered to convicted paedophiles in return for a reduced sentence.
Some critics contend that chemical castration laws are improperly coercive to inmates, who might be forced to choose between staying in prison and taking the drug. Rice, and Harris,
The physiological effects of androgen blockers are well established, because the drugs used in chemical castration are also commonly used in people with cancer, especially of the prostate, where testosterone can help tumors grow. It has been well demonstrated that surgical castration, which has been practiced in various places for millennia, makes sex offenders either unwilling or simply unable to commit future offenses.
The Times Of India. Second, some sexual offenders may voluntarily receive chemical castration. Depression, hot flashes, infertility, and anemia can also occur. First, chemical castration is no longer effective after it is discontinued; therefore, the spontaneity for receiving medication is prerequisite to overcoming this limitation.
Some criminologists argue that the appearance of a lower recidivism rate in male sex offenders who take chemical castration treatment than in those who do not can be explained by factors other than biological effects of the medication. But critics of the law, which will take effect in September, think it may prove unconstitutional.
Unlike surgical castration , where the gonads are removed through an incision in the body,  chemical castration does not remove organs, nor is it a form of sterilization.